Estas e outras conclusões quantificadas sobre o investimento chinês em África estão disponíveis na nova base de dados lançada ontem pela China-Africa Research Initiative da School of Advanced International Studies da Johns Hopkins University.
De entre as mais surpreendentes, as seguintes:
- Who gets the Lion’s share of the Dragon’s loans? Angola received 25% of all Chinese loans to Africa between 2000 and 2015, almost all of them backed by Angolan oil.
- Bloomberg and Fitch, take note: Did China Eximbank really lend more than the World Bank in Africa? SAIS-CARI data shows cumulative 2001 to 2010 China Eximbank loan to Africa amount to only US$27.2 billion, not your figure of US$67.2 billion. The World Bank is still a larger lender than China Eximbank.
- What do Chinese loans pay for in Africa? Transportation. Between 2000 and 2014, transportation received the largest share: US$23.6 billion worth
- What are the biggest Chinese loan-financed infrastructure projects in Africa? No. 1: Kenya’s Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway Phase I, funded by US$3.6 billion worth of Chinese loans; No.2: Ethiopia’s Addis-Djibouti Railway, funded at US$2.5 billion. Both were signed in 2013.
A sessão de apresentação em Washington DC tinha por título: Policy Roundtable: How Chinese Money is Transforming Africa: It’s Not What You Think.