70 Anos Depois: O Legado da Guerra do Pacífico

Ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros Japonês, Mamory Shigemitsu assina a declaração de rendição do Japão a bordo do USS Missouri

Ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros Japonês, Mamoru Shigemitsu,assina a declaração de rendição do Japão a bordo do USS Missouri

“Following the devastation of twin atomic attacks, Japan announced its unconditional surrender to the Allied forces on August 15, 1945. Seventy years on from that momentous day, the war continues to haunt the peoples of East Asia.

In the West, it is often forgotten that 1945 marks the end of not only the second world war but also of a much longer period of political and social upheaval. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbour in December 1941, it had been in open warfare with Chinese forces for more than four years. Japan had made Korea a colony in 1910 and had taken control of what is now Taiwan in 1895.

Japan was far from the only aggressive power in Asia. European empires had expropriated land and treasure from Asian peoples for hundreds of years. Defeat did not just mark the end of Japan’s imperial ambition, it was the beginning of the end for imperialism in Asia.
This political reality should make commemoration of 1945 a positive and forward-looking time for a region that is so dynamic and increasingly economically integrated. What might have been a time for the region to congratulate itself on how much it has achieved in the span of a human lifetime has instead become a point of very real tension among the region’s major powers.

This is in part because the war and its end created many of Asia’s flashpoints. Korea was divided in a hasty meeting between Soviet and American military officers. The islands in the East and South China Sea are disputed precisely because colonisation and war made their political provenance extremely murky.”….mais aqui, por Nick Bisley.


Sobre Luis Mah

Investigador no Centro de Estudos sobre África, Ásia e América Latina (CESA) no Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG) em Lisboa. Sou também professor auxiliar convidado no Instituto de Estudos Orientais da Universidade Católica Portuguesa (UCP).
Esta entrada foi publicada em Guerra do Pacífico com as etiquetas , , , , . ligação permanente.

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